Suppression of lithium chloride-induced conditioned gaping (a model of nausea-induced behaviour) in rats (using the taste reactivity test) with metoclopramide is enhanced by cannabidiolic acid

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2013 Oct;111:84-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pbb.2013.08.012. Epub 2013 Sep 4.


We aimed to determine the potential of various doses of metoclopramide (MCP, a dopamine antagonist) to reduce lithium chloride (LiCl)-induced conditioned gaping (a nausea-induced behaviour) in rats, using the taste reactivity test. We then evaluated whether an ineffective low dose of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA, 0.1 μg/kg, Rock and Parker, 2013), the potent acidic precursor of cannabidiol (CBD, a non-psychoactive component of cannabis) could enhance the anti-nausea effects of an ineffective low dose of MCP. MCP (3.0 mg/kg) reduced conditioned gaping responses. Coadministration of ineffective doses of MCP (0.3 mg/kg) and CBDA (0.1 μg/kg) enhanced the suppression of conditioned gaping, over that of either drug alone, without interfering with conditioned taste avoidance. MCP dose-dependently reduced nausea-induced conditioned gaping in rats. As well, the suppression of conditioned gaping was enhanced when ineffective doses of MCP and CBDA were coadministered. These data suggest that CBDA could be a powerful adjunct treatment to anti-emetic regimens for chemotherapy-induced nausea.

Keywords: 5-HT; 5-HT(1A); 5-HT(3); 5-HT1A; 5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A); 5-hydroxytryptamine(3); CBD; CBDA; Cannabidiolic acid; Conditioned gaping; D(2); DA; Dopamine; LiCl; MCP; Metoclopramide; Nausea; OND; SAL; VEH; cannabidiol; cannabidiolic acid; dopamine; dopamine(2); i.p.; i.v.; intraperitoneally; intravenously; lithium chloride; metoclopramide; ondansetron; s.c.; saline; subcutaneously; vehicle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antiemetics / pharmacology*
  • Cannabinoids / pharmacology*
  • Conditioning, Psychological / drug effects*
  • Lithium Chloride / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Metoclopramide / pharmacology*
  • Nausea / chemically induced*
  • Nausea / prevention & control
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Taste / drug effects*


  • Antiemetics
  • Cannabinoids
  • cannabidiolic acid
  • Lithium Chloride
  • Metoclopramide