The -842G/C Polymorphisms of PIN1 Contributes to Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis of 10 Case-Control Studies

PLoS One. 2013 Aug 27;8(8):e71516. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071516. eCollection 2013.

Abstract

Background: Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase NIMA-interacting 1 (PIN1) plays an important role in cancer development. The relationship between PIN1 -842G/C (rs2233678) polymorphism and cancer risk was inconclusive according to published literature.

Methodology/principal findings: A literature search, up to February 2013, was carried out using PubMed, EMBASE and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database. A total of 10 case-control studies including 4619 cases and 4661 controls contributed to the quantitative analysis. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to assess the strength of association. Overall, individuals with the variant CG (OR = 0.728, 95% CI: 0.585,0.906; Pheterogeneity<0.01) and CG/CC (OR = 0.731, 95% CI: 0.602,0.888; Pheterogeneity<0.01) genotypes were associated with a significantly reduced cancer risk compared with those with wild GG genotype. Sub-group analysis revealed that the variant CG (OR = 0.635, 95% CI: 0.548,0.735; Pheterogeneity = 0.240) and CG/CC (OR = 0.645, 95% CI: 0.559,0.744, Pheterogeneity = 0.258) genotypes still showed an reduced risk of cancer in Asians; while no significant association was observed in Caucasians (CG vs.GG: OR = 0.926, 95% CI: 0.572,1.499, Pheterogeneity<0.01; CG/CC vs. GG: OR = 0.892, 95% CI: 0.589,1.353; Pheterogeneity<0.01). Furthermore, sensitivity analysis confirmed the stability of results. Begg's funnel plot and Egger's test did not reveal any publication bias.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the PIN1 -842G/C polymorphism is associated with a significantly reduced risk of cancer, especially in Asian populations.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • NIMA-Interacting Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
  • Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Peptidylprolyl Isomerase / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • NIMA-Interacting Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
  • PIN1 protein, human
  • Peptidylprolyl Isomerase

Grant support

This work is supported by Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (2011HW069). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.