Targeted assays are needed to better evaluate effects of chemicals on organogenesis and begin classification of chemicals by toxicologically relevant modes-of-action. Using transgenic zebrafish (fli1:egfp) that stably express eGFP within vascular endothelial cells, we have developed and optimized a 384-well-based high-content screening (HCS) assay that enables us to screen and identify chemicals affecting cardiovascular function at sublethal, nonteratogenic concentrations. Following static exposure of one embryo per well from 5 to 72 h postfertilization (hpf), automated image acquisition procedures and custom image analysis protocols are used to quantify body length, circulation, heart rate, pericardial area (a biomarker for cardiac looping defects), and intersegmental vessel area within freshly hatched live embryos. After optimizing 72 hpf anesthetization procedures, we evaluated each end point across four independent control plates containing 384 initial embryos per plate. Survival and imaging success rates across these plates ranged from 93 to 99% and 42 to 74%, respectively. Criteria were then defined for assay success and analysis of treatments, and 10 chemicals were screened for targeted effects on cardiovascular function. Compared to existing zebrafish-based assays, this method provides a comprehensive discovery platform with (1) increased sample sizes; (2) broad concentration-response format; and (3) the ability to identify chemicals that target cardiovascular function at nonteratogenic concentrations.