Single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes and dengue severity in children: a case-control, functional and meta-analysis study

Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Dec;20:197-205. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.08.017. Epub 2013 Sep 7.

Abstract

Dengue is an arthropod-borne emerging viral disease with high morbidity and mortality risk in tropical countries like Brazil. Clinical manifestations are vast, ranging from asymptomatic to most severe forms of dengue such as shock. Previous data have shown that host genetics play a role in disease susceptibility and severity. Herein, we have tested the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at TNF, IL10, MIF, DCSIGN, CLEC5A, NOD2, CCR5 and MRC1 as candidate genes using a matched case-control study design including 88 severe children cases of dengue patients and 335 healthy unrelated subjects that was also separated in IgG(+) and IgG(-) controls. We demonstrated that the TT genotype of CLEC5A SNP (rs1285933 C>T) is associated with dengue severity (OR=2.25; p=0.03) and that GG genotype of -336G>A DCSIGN (CD209) SNP is associated with protection to severe dengue (OR=0.12; p=0.04). Both comparisons were borderline significant when cases were compared with IgG(+) controls subgroup. Nevertheless, genotype-phenotype correlation was also assessed using serum levels of TNF from infected patients at the onset of dengue fever, and CT/TT carriers in CLEC5A secreted higher levels of TNF than CC individuals in 5-7 days of infection. No significant difference was observed in TNF levels between genotypes GG versus AG/AA at DCSIGN promoter. Next, we performed a meta-analysis retrieving results from the literature for -336G>A DCSIGN and -308G>A TNF SNPs demonstrating that the consensus estimates of these SNPs indicated no association with dengue severity (when compared to Dengue fever) in the overall analysis. But, a subgroup analysis in the -336G>A DCSIGN, the G allele was associated with severe dengue susceptibility in Asians (ORallele=2.77; p=0.0001; ORcarriers=2.99; p=0.0001) and protection in Brazilians (ORallele=0.66; p=0.013). In summary, our results suggest that genetic variations at CLEC5A increase the risk and regulate TNF secretion in dengue severity among Brazilians. Also, combined data of the literature suggest population-specific effect of the -336 DCSIGN SNP more prominent in Asians and in a different direction than Brazilians.

Keywords: CLEC5A; Cytokines; DC-SIGN; DHF; Dengue; TNF.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / genetics*
  • Child
  • Dengue / genetics*
  • Dengue / immunology*
  • Dengue Virus / immunology*
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / genetics
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Lectins, C-Type / genetics*
  • Male
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics*
  • Risk
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood

Substances

  • CLEC5A protein, human
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • DC-specific ICAM-3 grabbing nonintegrin
  • Lectins, C-Type
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha