Effect of dietary protein on the renin-angiotensin system in subtotally nephrectomized rats

Kidney Int. 1990 Aug;38(2):240-8. doi: 10.1038/ki.1990.192.


Dietary protein restriction improves the course of renal disease in the remnant kidney model. Dietary protein restriction can also reduce plasma renin activity in several circumstances. We examined the interaction between dietary protein and the renin-angiotensin system in subtotally nephrectomized rats (1-2/3 nephrectomy). No difference was seen in tissue renin activity in rats ingesting a high (30%) versus a low (6%) protein diet. To determine the pathophysiological role of angiotensin II in subtotally nephrectomized rats, we examined the acute renal response to an intrarenal infusion of the angiotensin II antagonist Sar1 Gly8-angiotensin II (10 micrograms/kg/min). Only those subtotally nephrectomized animals ingesting a high protein diet exhibited a consistent improvement in glomerular permselectivity, as manifested by a 24% fall in the fractional clearance of albumin (basal 16.19 +/- 3.65 x 10(-4) vs. Sar1 Gly8-AII 12.26 +/- 3.21 x 10(-4); P less than 0.02) and a 19% fall in the fractional clearance of IgG (basal 3.75 +/- 0.67 x 10(-4) vs. Sar1 Gly8-AII 3.03 +/- 0.48 x 10(-4); P less than 0.02). No consistent change occurred in glomerular permselectivity in the rats on the low protein diet or rats infused with vehicle only. No change in mean arterial pressure or whole-kidney hemodynamics were seen with angiotensin II blockade. Decrements in SNGFR and glomerular capillary pressure occurred with angiotensin blockade in the animals ingesting the high protein diet, suggesting hemodynamic factors as a mechanism for the improvement in permselective defects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / analogs & derivatives
  • Angiotensin II / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin II / physiology
  • Animals
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Proteins / pharmacology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diet therapy
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Nephrectomy
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Renin-Angiotensin System / physiology*


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Angiotensin II
  • angiotensin II, Sar(1)-Gly(8)-