Knee osteoarthritis prevalence, risk factors, pathogenesis and features: Part I

Caspian J Intern Med. 2011 Spring;2(2):205-12.


Osteoarthritis (OA) a common disease of aged population and one of the leading causes of disability. Incidence of knee OA is rising by increasing average age of general population. Age, weight, trauma to joint due to repetiting movements in particular squatting and kneeling are common risk factors of knee OA. Several factors including cytokines, leptin, and mechanical forces are pathogenic factors of knee OA. In patients with knee pain attribution of pain to knee OA should be considered with caution. Since a proportion of knee OA are asymptomatic and in a number of patients identification of knee OA is not possible due to low sensitivity of radiographic examination. In this review data presented in regard to prevalence, pathogenesis, risk factors.

Keywords: Knee; Osteoarthritis; Pathogenesis; Prevalence.

Publication types

  • Review