There is evidence of linkage between the 15q13-q14 locus, containing the gene encoding the α7 subunit (CHRNA7) of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and its partially duplicated isoform (CHRFAM7A), and epilepsy. Additionally, a 2-bp deletion polymorphism (c.497-498delTG; rs67158670) in CHRFAM7A, resulting in a frame shift and truncation of the protein product, is associated with some neurological diseases. This study was designed to explore the possibility of an association of the c.497-498delTG polymorphism of CHRFAM7A with idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs) in Polish children and young patients. The study included 197 IGE patients and 258 unrelated healthy individuals. The frequency of the CHRFAM7A c.497-498delTG polymorphism was determined in each group using heteroduplex analysis. An association between the c.497-498delTG polymorphism of CHRFAM7A and IGE was evidenced. It was demonstrated that the frequency of the CHRFAM7A 2-bp deletion carriers was significantly lower in the IGE patients than in the control group. The observed frequency of 2-bp deletion carriers was high in IGE subjects (64%), but significantly higher in control subjects (76%). Carriers of at least one copy of the -2 bp allele had halved their risk of IGE susceptibility (delTG/delTG and delTG/wild-type versus wild-type/wild-type: odds ratio=0.55; 95% confidence intervals=0.365-0.827; p=0.004). Moreover, it has been demonstrated that this polymorphic variant is associated with the c.524-12_524-11insGTT variation (rs10649395) in intron 7 of CHRFAM7A. Our study substantiates the involvement of the α7 subunit of nAChR in the pathophysiology of IGEs and indicates that the CHRFAM7A c.497-498TG deletion or a nearby polymorphism may play a role in the pathogenesis of IGE. Further work should concentrate on ascertaining the exact mechanism of this polymorphism's effect and its relationship with IGE.