CRM1 is a novel independent prognostic factor for the poor prognosis of gastric carcinomas

Med Oncol. 2013 Dec;30(4):726. doi: 10.1007/s12032-013-0726-1. Epub 2013 Sep 12.


Gastric cancer (GC) is a highly aggressive malignant tumor. Its high mortality rate prompts the urgent need for novel therapeutic agents. The aim of this study is to detect the expression of CRM1 in GC, which has not been reported to date. The expression of CRM1 in GC and adjacent noncancerous tissues (ANCT) of gastrectomy specimens from 120 GC patients was measured by immunohistochemistry. In addition, correlations between the CRM1 staining and the clinicopathologic features as well as survival were analyzed. Positive expression rates of CRM1 in GC and ANCT were 57.8 and 6.7%, respectively. High expression of CRM1 was significantly associated with increased serum level of carcinoma embryonic antigen (CEA, P = 0.02) but not associated with that of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (P = 0.38). CRM1 levels were correlated with more advanced tumor stages (P = 0.01), positive Her2 status (P = 0.01), and distant metastasis (P = 0.02). Univariate analysis showed that CEA (P = 0.0076), TNM stage (P = 0.0001), metastasis (P = 0.027), and CRM1 expression (P = 0.0019) were significant risk factors affecting overall survival of GC patients. The multivariate analysis indicated that the CRM1 was an independent indicator for GC survival (P = 0.0048). The current results indicated that CRM1 expressed in a subpopulation of GC with aggressive behavior and could serve as a prognosis marker for poor outcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • CA-19-9 Antigen / genetics
  • Carcinoma / genetics*
  • Carcinoma / pathology*
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Karyopherins / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / genetics
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology
  • Prognosis
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / genetics*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • CA-19-9 Antigen
  • Karyopherins
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • exportin 1 protein
  • Receptor, ErbB-2