Assessment of volume status and arterial stiffness in chronic kidney disease

Ren Fail. 2014 Feb;36(1):28-34. doi: 10.3109/0886022X.2013.830224. Epub 2013 Sep 13.


Aim: There is limited information about arterial stiffness in chronic kidney disease (CKD) which is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx) are using to determine arterial stiffness. We aimed to study PWV, AIx, volume status in patients with stage 3B-5 CKD and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).

Methods: Sixty-six stage 3B-5 CKD patients, 21 CAPD patients, 34 healthy controls were included. Pulse wave velocity, AIx, volume status was evaluated by Mobil-O-Graph®, and bioimpedance spectroscopy, respectively.

Results: The Median PWV was 7.5 m/s in CKD, 6.2 m/s in CAPD, 5.9 m/s in healthy controls, and while PWV was found to have increased significantly in CKD patients (p = 0.002), the Alx values were similar in all groups. The median extracellular fluid excess was higher in both the CKD and, CAPD patients when compared with healthy controls (1.26 and 1.21 L, respectively). Overhydration was more prevalent in CKD and CAPD patients (p < 0.001). Age, central systolic blood pressure, body mass index, fat mass, overhydration, CKD, eGFR were the major determinants of PWV.

Conclusion: Increased PWV was found in stage 3B-5 CKD patients. Overhydration may contribute this increment.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Composition*
  • Body Water*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Electric Impedance
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory
  • Pulse Wave Analysis
  • Vascular Stiffness*