Surface L-type Ca2+ channel expression levels are increased in aged hippocampus

Aging Cell. 2014 Feb;13(1):111-20. doi: 10.1111/acel.12157. Epub 2013 Oct 1.


Age-related increase in L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) expression in hippocampal pyramidal neurons has been hypothesized to underlie the increased Ca(2+) influx and subsequent reduced intrinsic neuronal excitability of these neurons that lead to age-related cognitive deficits. Here, using specific antibodies against Cav 1.2 and Cav 1.3 subunits of LTCCs, we systematically re-examined the expression of these proteins in the hippocampus from young (3 to 4 month old) and aged (30 to 32 month old) F344xBN rats. Western blot analysis of the total expression levels revealed significant reductions in both Cav 1.2 and Cav 1.3 subunits from all three major hippocampal regions of aged rats. Despite the decreases in total expression levels, surface biotinylation experiments revealed significantly higher proportion of expression on the plasma membrane of Cav 1.2 in the CA1 and CA3 regions and of Cav 1.3 in the CA3 region from aged rats. Furthermore, the surface biotinylation results were supported by immunohistochemical analysis that revealed significant increases in Cav 1.2 immunoreactivity in the CA1 and CA3 regions of aged hippocampal pyramidal neurons. In addition, we found a significant increase in the level of phosphorylated Cav 1.2 on the plasma membrane in the dentate gyrus of aged rats. Taken together, our present findings strongly suggest that age-related cognitive deficits cannot be attributed to a global change in L-type channel expression nor to the level of phosphorylation of Cav 1.2 on the plasma membrane of hippocampal neurons. Rather, increased expression and density of LTCCs on the plasma membrane may underlie the age-related increase in L-type Ca(2+) channel activity in CA1 pyramidal neurons.

Keywords: Cav1.2; Cav1.3; biotinylation; calcium; phosphorylation; qRT-PCR.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging / genetics
  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Calcium Channels / genetics
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism*
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type / genetics
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type / metabolism*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Dentate Gyrus / metabolism
  • Female
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphoserine / metabolism
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344


  • Calcium Channels
  • Calcium Channels, L-Type
  • L-type calcium channel alpha(1C)
  • Protein Subunits
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Cacna1d protein, rat
  • Phosphoserine