Advances in surgical techniques and follow-up of patients with complex congenital heart disease who were corrected in childhood increasingly survive to adolescence or adulthood. Increasingly anesthesiologists encounter these cases for major noncardiac surgery, including orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) wherein there is an augmented risk of significant perioperative hemodynamic instability. We performed a successful OLT in a 12-year-old boy with end-stage cryptogenetic liver fibrosis and hepatopulmonary syndrome who was born with a double outflow right ventricle, pulmonary atresia, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia corrected at the age of 1 month. By the time he was considered for OLT his altered pulmonary valve apparatus resulted in severe pulmonary regurgitation, dilated right atrium and ventricle, and elevated right heart pressures. After a temporarily successful angioplasty he was at first placed on the waiting list, then removed, and finally relisted following implantation of a prosthetic pulmonary valve that resulted in significant reduction of right heart pressures.
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