Computer-administered cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression

Am J Psychiatry. 1990 Jan;147(1):51-6. doi: 10.1176/ajp.147.1.51.


The authors evaluated a six-session interactive computer cognitive-behavioral treatment program given to volunteer patients who met Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) for major or minor depressive disorder. Patients were randomly assigned to computer-administered cognitive-behavioral treatment, to therapist-administered cognitive-behavioral treatment, or to a waiting-list control condition. After treatment and at 2-month follow-up, both treatment groups had improved significantly more than control subjects in their scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, SCL-90-R depression and global scales, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire. The treatment groups did not differ from each other at either time.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / therapy*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted*
  • Waiting Lists