Objective: Recent descriptions of decreased exercise capacity 10 to 15 years after arterial switch operation (ASO) suggest subclinical hemodynamic restrictions. Persistent impairment of ventricular performance following ASO may add to this. We aimed to characterize the time course of changes in biventricular performance within the first year following ASO.
Methods: We prospectively included 26 patients with transposition of the great arteries undergoing ASO and 20 age-matched controls. Left and right ventricular systolic and diastolic performance was assessed using tissue Doppler imaging-derived peak systolic velocity, peak diastolic velocity, and peak early wave Doppler flow velocity/early diastolic tissue Doppler imaging velocity as well as mitral and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion. Furthermore, left ventricular longitudinal, radial, and circumferential strain were assessed using speckle tracking strain imaging. Studies were performed preoperatively, 1 day postoperatively, at discharge, and at medium-term follow-up (9 months [interquartile range, 6-23 months] postoperatively).
Results: After an initial decrease in biventricular systolic and diastolic performance 1 day postoperatively versus preoperatively, recovery was observed in all parameters during medium-term follow-up. At medium-term follow-up left ventricular systolic and diastolic performance parameters were comparable in patients and controls. In contrast, right ventricular systolic and diastolic performance were still impaired in patients versus controls roughly 1 year postoperatively (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, 11.6 ± 2.2 vs 18.6 ± 3.1 mm; right ventricular peak systolic velocity, 8.1 ± 2.3 vs 12.6 ± 1.8 cm/second; right ventricular peak diastolic velocity, 12.4 ± 3.0 vs 18.2 ± 4.2 cm/second; and right ventricular peak early wave Doppler flow velocity/early diastolic tissue Doppler imaging velocity, 6.7 ± 2.1 vs 4.3 ± 1.3; all Ps < .001).
Conclusions: If early ASO is performed, left ventricular performance recovers to control values within the first postoperative year. In contrast, right ventricular systolic and diastolic performance remained impaired during follow-up, which stresses the importance of postoperative follow-up of right ventricular performance.
Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.