Background: Multimodality treatment suites for patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) have recently become available. This study was designed to evaluate feasibility, safety and impact on treatment of a new intraoperative flat-panel (FP) based integrated surgical and imaging suite for combined endovascular and surgical treatment of cerebral AVM.
Methods: Twenty-five patients with AVMs to treat with combined endovascular and surgical interventions were prospectively enrolled in this consecutive case series. The hybrid suite allows combined endovascular and surgical approaches with intraoperative scanner-like imaging (XperCT®) and intraoperative 3D rotational angiography (3D-RA). The impact of intraoperative multimodal imaging on feasibility, workflow of combined interventions, surgery, and unexpected imaging findings were analyzed.
Results: Twenty-five patients (mean age 38 ± 18.6 year) with a median Spetzler-Martin grade 2 AVM (range 1-4) underwent combined endovascular and surgical procedures. Sixteen patients presented with a ruptured AVM and nine with an unruptured AVM. In 16 % (n = 4) of cases, intraoperative imaging visualized AVM remnants ≤3 mm and allowed for completion of the resections in the same sessions. Complete resection was confirmed in all n = 16 patients who had follow-up angiography one year after surgery so far. All diagnostic and therapeutical steps, including angiographic control, were performed without having to move the patients
Conclusion: The hybrid neurointerventional suite was shown to be a safe and useful setup which allowed for unconstrained combined microsurgical and neuroradiological workflow. It reduces the need for extraoperative angiographic controls and subsequent potential surgical revisions a second time, as small AVM remnants can be detected with high security.