PKD1 mediates negative feedback of PI3K/Akt activation in response to G protein-coupled receptors

PLoS One. 2013 Sep 9;8(9):e73149. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073149. eCollection 2013.


We examined whether protein kinase D1 (PKD1) mediates negative feeback of PI3K/Akt signaling in intestinal epithelial cells stimulated with G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists. Exposure of intestinal epithelial IEC-18 cells to increasing concentrations of the PKD family inhibitor kb NB 142-70, at concentrations that inhibited PKD1 activation, strikingly potentiated Akt phosphorylation at Thr(308) and Ser(473) in response to the mitogenic GPCR agonist angiotensin II (ANG II). Enhancement of Akt activation by kb NB 142-70 was also evident in cells with other GPCR agonists, including vasopressin and lysophosphatidic acid. Cell treatment with the structurally unrelated PKD family inhibitor CRT0066101 increased Akt phosphorylation as potently as kb NB 142-70 [corrected]. Knockdown of PKD1 with two different siRNAs strikingly enhanced Akt phosphorylation in response to ANG II stimulation in IEC-18 cells. To determine whether treatment with kb NB 142-70 enhances accumulation of phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3) in the plasma membrane, we monitored the redistribution of Akt-pleckstrin homology domain-green fluorescent protein (Akt-PH-GFP) in single IEC-18 cells. Exposure to kb NB 142-70 strikingly increased membrane accumulation of Akt-PH-GFP in response to ANG II. The translocation of the PIP3 sensor to the plasma membrane and the phosphorylation of Akt was completed prevented by prior exposure to the class I p110α specific inhibitor A66. ANG II markedly increased the phosphorylation of p85α detected by a PKD motif-specific antibody and enhanced the association of p85α with PTEN. Transgenic mice overexpressing PKD1 showed a reduced phosphorylation of Akt at Ser(473) in intestinal epithelial cells compared to wild type littermates. Collectively these results indicate that PKD1 activation mediates feedback inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling in intestinal epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Class Ia Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Feedback, Physiological*
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism*
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase C / genetics
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Protein Transport / drug effects
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / agonists
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism*


  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Angiotensin II
  • Class Ia Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
  • protein kinase D
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Protein Kinase C
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase