A computer-based feedback only intervention with and without a moderation skills component

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2014 Jan;46(1):22-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.08.011. Epub 2013 Sep 14.

Abstract

Research on the efficacy of computer-delivered feedback-only interventions (FOIs) for college alcohol misuse has been mixed. Limitations to these FOIs include participant engagement and variation in the use of a moderation skills component. The current investigation sought to address these limitations using a novel computer-delivered FOI, the Drinkers Assessment and Feedback Tool for College Students (DrAFT-CS). Heavy drinking college students (N=176) were randomly assigned to DrAFT-CS, DrAFT-CS plus moderation skills (DrAFT-CS+), moderation skills only (MSO), or assessment only (AO) group, and were assessed at 1-month follow-up (N=157). Participants in the DrAFT-CS and DrAFT-CS+groups reported significantly lower estimated blood alcohol concentrations (eBACs) on typical heaviest drinking day than participants in the AO group. The data also supported the incorporation of a moderation skills component within FOIs, such that participants in DrAFT-CS+group reported significantly fewer drinks per week and drinks per heaviest drinking occasion than participants in the AO group.

Keywords: Alcohol use; College students; Computer delivery; Moderation skills; Personalized feedback.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Alcohol Drinking / prevention & control*
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / therapy*
  • Ethanol / blood
  • Feedback
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Students / psychology*
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Universities

Substances

  • Ethanol