Wound Healing Activity of the Fruit Skin of Punica Granatum

J Med Food. 2013 Sep;16(9):857-61. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2012.0229.

Abstract

The skin of the fruit and the bark of Punica granatum are used as a traditional remedy against diarrhea, dysentery, and intestinal parasites. The fruit skin extract of P. granatum was tested for its wound healing activity in rats using an excision wound model. The animals were divided into three groups of six each. The experimental group of animals was topically treated with P. granatum at a dose of 100 mg/kg every day for 15 days, while the controls and standard group animals were treated with petroleum jelly and mupirocin ointment, respectively. Phytochemical analysis of the extract revealed the presence of saponins, triterpenes, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, and cardiac glycosides. Extract-treated animals exhibited 95% reduction in the wound area when compared with controls (84%), which was statistically significant (P<.01). The extract-treated wounds were found to epithelize faster compared with controls. The hydroxyproline content of extract-treated animals was significantly higher than controls (P<.05). The fruit skin extract did not show any antimicrobial activity against the microrganisms tested. P. granatum promotes significant wound healing in rats and further evaluation of this activity in humans is suggested.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Fruit / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Lythraceae / chemistry*
  • Male
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Skin / drug effects
  • Skin / injuries*
  • Wound Healing / drug effects*
  • Wounds and Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Wounds and Injuries / physiopathology

Substances

  • Plant Extracts