Introduction: This intervention examined whether fish-oil-supplementation in late infancy modifies free-play test scores and if this is related to blood pressure (BP) and mean RR interval.
Patients and methods: 83 Danish 9-month-old infants were randomized to ±fish oil (FO) (3.4±1.1mL/d) for 3months and 61 of these completed the free-play-test before and after the intervention.
Results: Most of the free-play scores changed during the intervention, but the intervention affected only the number of looks away from the toy, which was increased in +FO and decreased in -FO (p=0.037). The increased numbers of looks away were associated with an increase in erythrocyte eicosapentaenoic acid (r=0.401, p=0.017, n=35) and were also associated with a decrease in systolic-BP (r=-0.511, p<0.001, n=52).
Conclusions: The results indicate that n-3 fatty acid intake also in late infancy can influence brain development and that the cognitive and cardiovascular effects may be related.
Keywords: ANS; BP; CNS; Central nervous function; Cognitive development; DHA; Docosahexaenoic acid; ECG; EPA; FA%; FO; HR; Infant diet; LCPUFA; RBC; autonomic nervous system; blood pressure (systolic SBP & diastolic DBP); central nervous system; docosahexaenoic acid; eicosapentaenoic acid; electro-cardiogram; fatty acids given as area percentage; fish oil; heart rate; long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid; n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids; red blood cell.
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