Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encodes at least 44 mature microRNAs (miRNAs), some of which are abundantly expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. EBV-encoded miR-BART6 miRNA is known to undergo adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing, which impacts on processing and function. Whether additional EBV miRNAs might be A-to-I edited remains to be determined. In this study, we have reported on A-to-I editing of EBV miR-BART3. The A-to-I editing enzyme was expressed abundantly in EBV-infected epithelial carcinoma cells. pri-miR-BART3 was found to be edited at four sites in these cells and in nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples. Whereas editing of the second site located within the seed region prevented the targeting of DICE1 mRNA, editing of the third site effectively crippled the biogenesis of mature miR-BART3. Thus, A-to-I editing perturbs biogenesis and targeting of miR-BART3 and may contribute to its differential expression and function in EBV-infected epithelial cells.