Organizational implementation of evidence-based substance abuse treatment in racial and ethnic minority communities

Adm Policy Ment Health. 2014 Nov;41(6):737-49. doi: 10.1007/s10488-013-0515-3.


We evaluated organizational factors associated with the implementation of contingency management treatment (CMT) and medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in substance abuse treatment (SAT) programs serving racial and ethnic minority communities. Analysis of cross-sectional data collected in 2010-2011 from a random sample of 148 publicly funded SAT programs showed that accepting private insurance was positively associated with CMT and MAT implementation, whereas larger programs were associated with greater implementation of MAT. Supervisorial openness to and expectations about implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs) and attributes for change were strongly associated with CMT, whereas the interactions between openness to EBPs and programs that accept private insurance and that are governed by parent organizations were positively associated with MAT. These external expectations and managerial attitudes supported the implementation of psychosocial and pharmacotherapy treatments in SAT. Implications for improving standards of care in minority communities are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Ethnicity
  • Evidence-Based Practice / methods
  • Evidence-Based Practice / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Insurance Coverage
  • Minority Groups
  • Program Development
  • Racial Groups
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Centers / methods
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Centers / organization & administration
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Centers / standards
  • Substance-Related Disorders / drug therapy
  • Substance-Related Disorders / ethnology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*