On the basis of the spatial structure of ascorbate oxidase [Messerschmidt, A., Rossi, A., Ladenstein, R., Huber, R., Bolognesi, M., Gatti, G., Marchesini, A., Petruzzelli, R. & Finazzi-Agro, A. (1989) J. Mol. Biol. 206, 513-529], an alignment of the amino acid sequence of the related blue oxidases, laccase and ceruloplasmin is proposed. This strongly suggests a three-domain structure for laccase closely related to ascorbate oxidase and a six-domain structure of ceruloplasmin. These domains demonstrate homology with the small blue copper proteins. The relationships suggest that laccase, like ascorbate oxidase, has a mononuclear blue copper in domain 3 and a trinuclear copper between domain 1 and 3 and ceruloplasmin has mononuclear copper ions in domains 2, 4 and 6 and a trinuclear copper between domains 1 and 6.