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Review
, 25 (5), 443-56

Vaginal Microbiota and Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Review

Vaginal Microbiota and Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases

C Nardis et al. Ann Ig.

Abstract

Healthy vaginal microbiota is an important biological barrier to pathogenic microorganisms. When this predominantly Lactobacillus community is disrupted, decreased in abundance and replaced by different anaerobes, bacterial vaginosis (BV) may occur. BV is associated with prevalence and incidence of several sexually transmitted infections. This review provides background on BV, discusses the epidemiologic data to support a role of altered vaginal microbiota for acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases and analyzes mechanisms by which lactobacilli could counteract sexually transmitted viral infections.

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