Accuracy of non assisted glenohumeral joint injection in the office setting

Eur J Radiol. 2013 Dec;82(12):e829-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2013.08.048. Epub 2013 Sep 7.


Purpose: The diagnostic and therapeutic success of shoulder joint injection depends on its accuracy. Two recent studies reported high success (93-96%) for non-imaging-assisted anterior injection in anesthetized patients. This study examined the accuracy of anterior shoulder injection in awake patients under conditions similar to the office setting.

Methods: The study group consisted of 166 consecutive patients with shoulder pain who underwent diagnostic magnetic resonance arthrography at a tertiary medical center in 2011-2012. As part of the examination, contrast material was injected into the glenohumeral joint via an anterior approach by a certified musculoskeletal radiologist without any image assistance. Success was defined as contrast material limited to the intra-articular joint on the scan, without scatter to the periauricular tissue.

Results: A successful injection was verified by magnetic resonance arthography in 163 patients (98.2%).

Conclusions: Non-assisted anterior shoulder injection is highly accurate (98.2%) in the hands of an experienced radiologist, even in awake patients.

Keywords: Anatomic landmarks; Glenohumeral injection; Intra-articular injection; Magnetic resonance arthrography; Shoulder joint injection.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intra-Articular / methods*
  • Injections, Intra-Articular / statistics & numerical data
  • Israel / epidemiology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Office Visits
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Prevalence
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Shoulder Pain / drug therapy*
  • Shoulder Pain / epidemiology
  • Shoulder Pain / pathology*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Anesthetics, Local