Indications of DXA in women younger than 65 yr and men younger than 70 yr: the 2013 Official Positions

J Clin Densitom. Oct-Dec 2013;16(4):467-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jocd.2013.08.002. Epub 2013 Sep 20.

Abstract

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the method of choice to assess fracture risk for women 65 yr and older and men 70 yr and older. The 2007 International Society for Clinical Densitometry Official Positions had developed guidelines for assessing bone density in younger women during and after the menopausal transition and in men 50-69 yr and the 2008 National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) guidelines recommended testing in postmenopausal women younger than 65 yr and men 50-69 yr only in the presence of clinical risk factors. The purpose of the 2013 DXA Task Force was to reassess the NOF guidelines for ordering DXA in postmenopausal women younger than 65 yr and men 50-69 yr. The Task Force reviewed the literature published since the 2007 Position Development Conference and 2008 NOF, reviewing clinical decision rules such as the Osteoporosis Screening Tool and FRAX and sought to keep recommendations simple to remember and implement. Based on this assessment, the NOF guidelines were endorsed; DXA was recommended in those postmenopausal women younger than 65 yr and men 50-69 yr only in the presence of clinical risk factors for low bone mass, such as low body weight, prior fracture, high-risk medication use, or a disease or condition associated with bone loss.

Keywords: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; guideline; male osteoporosis; osteoporosis; osteoporosis risk factors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon / standards*
  • Aged
  • Bone Density
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening*
  • Osteoporosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Osteoporosis / metabolism
  • Risk Assessment / methods*