Modelling and monitoring of integrated urban wastewater systems: review on status and perspectives

Water Sci Technol. 2013;68(6):1203-15. doi: 10.2166/wst.2013.397.


While the general principles and modelling approaches for integrated management/modelling of urban water systems already present a decade ago still hold, in recent years aspects like model interfacing and wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) influent generation as complements to sewer modelling have been investigated and several new or improved systems analysis methods have become available. New/improved software tools coupled with the current high computational capacity have enabled the application of integrated modelling to several practical cases, and advancements in monitoring water quantity and quality have been substantial and now allow the collecting of data in sufficient quality and quantity to permit using integrated models for real-time applications too. Further developments are warranted in the field of data quality assurance and efficient maintenance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cities
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Waste Disposal, Fluid*
  • Wastewater


  • Waste Water