DNA quantification in colorectal carcinoma using flow and image analysis cytometry

Anal Quant Cytol Histol. 1990 Feb;12(1):21-7.


Numerous studies using flow cytometry (FCM) have shown that DNA quantification and ploidy classification can provide information of prognostic significance for patients with colorectal carcinoma; recent advances in image analysis cytometry (image cytometry, ICM) provide a new, alternative technique for DNA quantification. This study investigated whether (1) patients with colorectal carcinomas that exhibit a diploid pattern of DNA distribution have improved five-year survival statistics as compared to their non-diploid counterparts and (2) ICM provides quantitative data comparable to that obtained by FCM. DNA quantification and ploidy classification of 27 cases of primary colorectal carcinoma was performed on archival paraffin-embedded tissue by both FCM and ICM; 70% (19) of the tumors were classified as nondiploid by ICM while 56% (15) were similarly classified by FCM. Diploid tumors were associated with Dukes' stage A while nondiploid tumors were associated with Dukes' stage D. The overall five-year survival rate was 75% for patients with ICM diploid tumors and 67% for patients with FCM diploid tumors. The five-year survival was only 53% for patients with nondiploid tumors identified by both techniques. This study confirmed that DNA quantification is an important prognostic indicator for patients with colorectal carcinoma. It also showed that ICM provides data comparable to that of FCM and may be more sensitive.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / mortality
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cytological Techniques
  • DNA, Neoplasm / analysis*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Ploidies
  • Prognosis
  • Survival Analysis


  • DNA, Neoplasm