Aims: We investigated the relationship between predominant subtype, according to the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society International Multidisciplinary Lung Adenocarcinoma Classification, and prognosis in stage I lung adenocarcinoma in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital.
Methods: Two hundred and sixty-one patients with stage I lung adenocarcinoma, operated in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, were identified between 2000 and 2010. Survival curves were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis.
Results: None of the cases were adenocarcinoma in situ and six were minimally invasive adenocarcinomas. Two hundred and fifty-five cases were invasive adenocarcinoma. Of those, 80, 76, 42, 34, 19, and 4 were papillary predominant, acinar predominant, micropapillary predominant, solid predominant, lepidic predominant subtypes, and variants of invasive adenocarcinoma, respectively. Patients with micropapillary and solid predominant tumors had a significantly worse disease-free survival as compared to those with other subtypes predominant tumors (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that the new classification was an independent predictor of the disease-free and overall survival (p = 0.002 and 0.015).
Conclusion: The predominant subtype in the primary tumor was associated with prognosis in resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma.
Keywords: IASLC/ATS/ERS classification; Non-small cell lung cancer; Prognosis.
Published by Elsevier Ltd.