Dillapiole, isolated from Peperomia pellucida, shows gastroprotector activity against ethanol-induced gastric lesions in Wistar rats

Molecules. 2013 Sep 13;18(9):11327-37. doi: 10.3390/molecules180911327.


Peperomia pellucida is a plant used in traditional medicine to treat gastric ulcers. Although this gastroprotective activity was reported, the active compounds have not been identified. Therefore, the aim herein was to identify the most active compound in the gastroprotective activity of P. pellucida using an ethanol-induced gastric ulcer experimental rat model. A gastroprotective effect was observed when the hexane and dichloromethane extracts were tested, with the higher effect being obtained with the dichloromethane extract (82.3 ± 5.6%) at 100 mg/kg. Dillapiole was identified as the most active compound in this extract. Although there have been previous reports on dillapiole, this is the first on its gastroprotective activity. Rats treated with this compound at 3, 10, 30 and 100 mg/kg showed 23.1, 56.1, 73.2 and 85.5% gastroprotection, respectively. The effect elicited by dillapiole at 100 mg/kg was not attenuated by pretreatment with indomethacin (10 mg/kg, s.c.), a prostaglandin synthesis blocker, NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (70 mg/kg, i.p.), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, or N-ethylmaleimide (10 mg/kg, s.c.), a blocker of sulfhydryl groups. This suggests that the gastroprotective mechanism of action of dillapiole does not involve prostaglandins, NO or sulfhydryl groups.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Allyl Compounds / isolation & purification
  • Allyl Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Allyl Compounds / therapeutic use
  • Animals
  • Dioxoles / isolation & purification
  • Dioxoles / pharmacology*
  • Dioxoles / therapeutic use
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Ethanol
  • Male
  • Peperomia / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / isolation & purification
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Stomach Ulcer / drug therapy*


  • Allyl Compounds
  • Dioxoles
  • Plant Extracts
  • Ethanol
  • 5-allyl 6,7-dimethoxy 1,3-benzodioxole