Consequences of 9/11 and the War on Terror on Children's and Young Adult's Mental Health: A Systematic Review of the Past 10 Years

Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2015 Apr;20(2):173-93. doi: 10.1177/1359104513503354. Epub 2013 Sep 25.


This mixed method systematic review appraises the individual, familial and systemic effect of 9/11 and the war on terror for majority and minority children and youth in North America. The results highlight the broad social consequences of the socio-political transformations associated with the terror context, which cannot be understood only through a trauma focus analysis. The social stereotypes transformed youth experiences of belonging and exclusion. The difference between the consequences for majority and minority youth suggests the need for a broader appraisal of this societal context to support the development of prevention and intervention intersectorial programs.

Keywords: Terrorism; children; discrimination; mental health; minorities.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Mental Health*
  • September 11 Terrorist Attacks / psychology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*
  • Terrorism / psychology*
  • Warfare
  • Young Adult