An examination of postpartum family planning in western Kenya: "I want to use contraception but I have not been told how to do so"

Afr J Reprod Health. 2013 Sep;17(3):44-53.


Postpartum family planning (FP) in Kenya is low due to inadequate sensitization and awareness among women, particularly in rural areas. This paper identifies most widely used types of FP, intent and unmet needs among women, FP counseling and barriers to FP uptake. Focus group discussions with providers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and mothers, as well as in-depth interviews identify key themes including preferred postpartum FP, limits to existing FP counseling and barriers to FP uptake. Postpartum FP is common including injectable contraceptives, oral contraceptives, coils, condoms, and calendar methods. FP counseling is provided by peers, friends, TBAs and formal health providers. FP practices are associated with family support, literacy, access to FP information, side effects, costs and religion. In conclusion, changes in service provision and education could encourage increase in postpartum FP use in Kenya.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Counseling
  • Family Planning Services / organization & administration*
  • Family Planning Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Kenya
  • Needs Assessment
  • Postpartum Period