Resonance Raman spectra of a perylene bis(dicarboximide) chromophore in ground and lowest triplet states

J Phys Chem A. 2013 Sep 26;117(38):9196-204. doi: 10.1021/jp407879k. Epub 2013 Sep 11.


Resonance Raman spectroscopy is employed to probe the ground (S0) and lowest triplet (T1) excited states of a perylene bis(dicarboximide) (PDI) dimer. Four bands at ~1324, 1507, ~1535, and 1597 cm(-1) are signatures of the T1 excited state; a fifth band at ~1160 cm(-1) is tentatively assigned. Density functional calculations of an asymmetrically substituted PDI monomer match the experimental bands of the PDI dimer in both S0 and T1 states. The match supports a T1 excited state that is localized on a single PDI moiety of the dimer. The normal modes of the asymmetrically substituted PDI are correlated with ones calculated for the unsubstituted PDI in the D2h point group. Patterns in the Raman intensities are consistent with an A-term mechanism of enhancement. The positions of six bands are predicted for the resonance Raman spectrum of unsubstituted PDI in its T1 excited state. The spectra and normal-mode analysis reported here are expected to facilitate future studies of singlet fission in PDI crystals or other assemblies.