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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2013 Sep 20;8(9):e75593.
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075593. eCollection 2013.

Cross-sectional Study Assessing HIV Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior in Namibian Public Sector Employees in Capital and Regional Settings

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Free PMC article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Cross-sectional Study Assessing HIV Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior in Namibian Public Sector Employees in Capital and Regional Settings

Til R Kiderlen et al. PLoS One. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

The study objective was to assess the current status of HIV knowledge, attitudes and behavior (KAB) among employees of Namibian ministries. As most HIV campaigning takes place in the capital of Windhoek, an additional aim was to compare Windhoek to four regions (Hardap, Erongo, Oshana, and Caprivi). Between January and March 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted in two Namibian ministries, with participants selected randomly from the workforce. Data collection was based on questionnaires. 832 participants were included in the study (51.6% male). Nearly 90% of participants reported to have been tested for HIV before. Knowledge about HIV transmission ranged from 67% to 95% of correct answers, with few differences between the capital and regions. However, a knowledge gap regarding HIV transmission and prevention was seen. In particular, we found significantly lower knowledge regarding transmission from mother-to-child during pregnancy and higher rate of belief in a supernatural role in HIV transmission. In addition, despite many years of HIV prevention activities, a substantial proportion of employees had well-known HIV risk factors including multiple concurrent partnership rates (21%), intergenerational sex (19%), and lower testing rates for men (82% compared to women with 91%).

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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References

    1. Ministry of Health and Social Services, Namibia (2010) eport on the 2010 National HIV Sentinel Survey.
    1. World Health Organization (n.d.) Death and DALY estimates by cause. Available: http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/statistics/bodgbddeathdalyestimates.xls. Accessed 29 March 2011.
    1. Ministry of Health and Social Services, Namibia (2010) ational Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS response in Namibia 2010/11 -2015/16.
    1. Joint United Nations Programme in HIV/AIDS (2008) pidemiological Fact Sheets on HIV and AIDS.
    1. Office of the Prime Minister, Namibia (2009) he Public Service Workplace Policy on HIV and AIDS.

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Grant support

The study has been funded by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in their interest of assessing running programmes for cooperating partners. The study design respected the funders interests, but the funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The study is also part of the "Namibian HIV Research and Evaluation Agenda" and stated as a study to be conducted during the period of the "National Strategic Framework for HIV/AIDS response in Namibia" (NSF) 2010/11 and 2015/16. Study design, conduction and analysis was monitored by cooperating partners like UNDP, UNAIDS, Pharmaccess, Namibian Business Coalition on AIDS (NABCOA), Ministry of Health and Social Services (MoHSS), Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) and the University of Namibia (UNAM).
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