Background: X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism (XDP) is a progressively debilitating movement disorder that begins with focal dystonia and eventually generalizes. It exclusively affects Filipino inhabitants of the island of Panay. We report a case of XDP successfully treated by deep brain stimulation (DBS) and review the literature.
Methods: A 36-year-old man with XDP failed medical management and underwent bilateral globus pallidus internus DBS. A search of the PubMed database was performed to identify all articles discussing DBS and XDP. "Stimulation," "DYT3," "Lubag," "torsion dystonia," and "dystonia-parkinsonism" were used as MeSH headings.
Results: The patient's postoperative course was notable for delayed emergence from anesthesia. When stimulation was started, he had immediate improvement in his symptoms, and at 6-month follow-up, he is able to ambulate with the assistance of a walker. Review of the literature revealed 5 previously reported cases of XDP treated with DBS.
Conclusions: The published experience with globus pallidus internus DBS for XDP has been very positive to date. Although long-term follow-up data are needed, early results provide optimism for patients with this debilitating disorder.
Keywords: DBS; DYT3; GPi; Pallidal stimulation; X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism.
Published by Elsevier Inc.