ArfGAP3 regulates the transport of cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor in the post-Golgi compartment

Curr Biol. 2013 Oct 7;23(19):1945-51. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.07.087. Epub 2013 Sep 26.


ArfGAPs are known to be involved in cargo sorting in COPI transport. However, the role of ArfGAPs in post-Golgi membrane traffic has not been defined. To determine the function of ArfGAPs in post-Golgi traffic, we used small interfering RNA to examine each of 25 ArfGAPs for effects on cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CIMPR) localization. We found that downregulation of ArfGAP3 resulted in the peripheral localization of CIMPR. The effect was specific for ArfGAP3 and dependent on its GAP activity, because the phenotype was rescued by ArfGAP3 but not by ArfGAP1, ArfGAP2, or the GAP domain mutants of ArfGAP3. ArfGAP3 localized to the trans-Golgi network and early endosomes. In cells with reduced expression of ArfGAP3, Cathepsin D maturation was slowed and its secretion was accelerated. Also retrograde transport from the endosomes to the trans-Golgi network of endogenous CIMPR, but not truncated CIMPR lacking the luminal domain, was perturbed in cells with reduced expression of ArfGAP3. Furthermore the exit of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) from the early endosomes and degradation of EGFR after EGF stimulation was slowed in cells with reduced expression of ArfGAP3. ArfGAP3 associates with Golgi-localized, γ-ear-containing, ADP-ribosylation factor binding proteins (GGAs), and ArfGAP3 knockdown reduces membrane association of GGAs. A possible mechanism explaining our results is that ArfGAP3 regulates transport from early endosomes to late endosomes. We suggest a model in which ArfGAP3 regulates Golgi association of GGA clathrin adaptors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors / metabolism
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cathepsin D / genetics
  • Cathepsin D / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins / biosynthesis
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins / genetics
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Receptor, IGF Type 2 / metabolism*
  • trans-Golgi Network / metabolism


  • ARFGAP1 protein, human
  • ARFGAP3 protein, human
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Carrier Proteins
  • GGA adaptor proteins
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Receptor, IGF Type 2
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Cathepsin D
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors
  • ARFGAP2 protein, human