Interleukin 1-alpha and tumor necrosis factor-alpha induce oxygen radical production in mesangial cells

Kidney Int. 1990 Feb;37(2):767-75. doi: 10.1038/ki.1990.44.


Adherent human mesangial cells (HMC) were unable to phagocytose serum-treated zymosan (STZ), nevertheless this stimulus (1 mg/ml) induced a marked immediate increase of H2O2 and O2- release at a rate of 3.15 +/- 0.35 and 3.40 +/- 0.12 nmol/10(6) HMC/hr, respectively. Zymosan alone resulted in no release of either H2O2 or O2-. Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA, 2 X 10(-6) M) had only marginal effects on HMC leading to the generation of 0.273 +/- 0.014 nmol O2-/10(6) HMC/hr. After a lag period, human recombinant tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and human recombinant interleukin 1-alpha IL-1 alpha) both induced significant O2- production measured as SOD inhibitable reduction of cytochrome c, 5 X 10(-5) M, by adherent HMC for up to five hours, the maximum rates being 3.04 +/- 0.08 and 3.2 +/- 0.08 nmol/10(6) HMC/hr for IL-1 alpha and TNF-alpha, respectively. Significant O2- release was detectable at 0.625 ng/ml (37 pM) IL-1 alpha or 1 ng/ml (59 pM) TNF-alpha (P less than 0.05). Catalase inhibitable H2O2 production was also induced by IL-1 alpha and TNF-alpha in a dose dependent manner. Using scopoletin (40 nM) and 1 microM peroxidase we fluorimetrically measured 1.73 +/- 0.14 and 1.49 +/- 0.19 nmol H2O2/10(6) HMC/hr induced by IL-1 alpha (25 ng/ml) and TNF-alpha (20 ng/ml). Finally, we ascertained the type of radical species produced by HMC stimulated by cytokines employing ESR-spin-trapping with DMPO.2+ These results demonstrated that O2- was the primary radical species formed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Glomerular Mesangium / metabolism*
  • Glomerulonephritis / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology*
  • Oxygen / metabolism*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*


  • Interleukin-1
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Oxygen