Prevalence of chronic headache in Croatia

Biomed Res Int. 2013:2013:837613. doi: 10.1155/2013/837613. Epub 2013 Sep 1.

Abstract

Background: Chronic headache describes the presence of headache for >15 days per month on average for >3 months and fulfills the rest of the IHS criteria. The prevalence of chronic headache is within the range of 0.5-7.3% worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the 1-year prevalence of chronic headache in adult Croatian population.

Methods: The data were collected from a cross-sectional survey of an adult population (>18 years of age) sample. Randomly selected patients from the general population in four Croatian cities were asked to fulfill a self-completed questionnaire. The prevalence of chronic headache was calculated in the sample representing 3,383,769 Croatian adults.

Results: The total sample included 1542 responders among which 616 were with headache. The 1-year prevalence of chronic headache was 2.4%, and 0.9% of responders declared having headache 30 days per month. According to these results, 81,192 adult inhabitants in Croatia suffer from chronic headache.

Conclusions: The prevalence of chronic headache in Croatia is comparable to other countries worldwide. These patients require special attention and should be offered multidisciplinary medical support.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Croatia / epidemiology
  • Demography
  • Female
  • Headache Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence