Contrasting key roles of Ruppia cirrhosa in a southern Mediterranean lagoon: reservoir for both biodiversity and harmful species and indicator of lagoon health status

Mar Pollut Bull. 2013 Nov 15;76(1-2):116-27. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.09.017. Epub 2013 Sep 29.

Abstract

The distribution of Ruppia cirrhosa meadow density and its epiphytic organisms in relation with environmental factors were studied in summer 2011 at five stations in the Ghar El Melh lagoon (GML; southern Mediterranean Sea). Eleven epiphytic groups were recognised among which diatoms and dinoflagellates were the dominant groups and greatest contributors to temporal dissimilarity. An overwhelming concentrations of harmful microalgae was recorded, mainly represented by the toxic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima with maximal concentrations attaining 6 × 10(5)cells 100g(-1) of Ruppia fresh weight. The epifauna community accounted for only 1.4% of total epiphyte abundance and was comprised predominantly of nematodes (47.51%), ciliates (32.59%), fish eggs (7.2%) and larvae (4.95%). PERMANOVA analyses revealed a significant spatio-temporal variation of all epiphytic groups (p<0.01). In this study, R. cirrhosa and its epiphytes were studied as potential early warning indicators of the health status of GML waters.

Keywords: Enviromental factors; Epiphytes; Ghar El Melh lagoon; Ruppia cirrhosa.

MeSH terms

  • Alismatales / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Biodiversity*
  • Dinoflagellida / classification
  • Dinoflagellida / growth & development
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Introduced Species
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Phytoplankton / classification
  • Phytoplankton / growth & development
  • Seawater