Sudden death in children and young adults

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Feb;37(1):215-31. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)36841-9.


Congenital cardiac lesions, whether unrepaired or postoperative, are among the most common diagnoses associated with sudden death in the 1- to 20-year-old range. In the general population, myocarditis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and coronary artery anomalies are common causes of sudden cardiac death. Within the subset of pediatric cardiology patients who have not undergone operation, patients at greatest risk of sudden death are those with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Eisenmenger syndrome, and tetralogy of Fallot.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Rupture / complications
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / complications
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / complications
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies / complications
  • Death, Sudden / etiology*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery
  • Heart Valve Diseases / complications
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / complications
  • Infant
  • Myocarditis / complications
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Preventive Medicine / methods
  • Tetralogy of Fallot / complications