Depression and type D personality among undergraduate medical students

Indian J Psychiatry. 2013 Jul;55(3):287-9. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.117151.


Context: Academic pressure, though established, is an unavoidable cause of depression in medical students. Role of Type D personality as determinant of depression is a new approach to the problem.

Aim: Determination of relationship between Type D personality and Depression among medical students.

Setting and design: Undergraduate students (both male and female, total 150) of Midnapore Medical College.

Materials and methods: Beck Depression Inventory for depression and DS 14 for type D personality.

Statistical analysis: The scores were expressed as mean + SD. The significance of difference between the scores was done by Fisher's 2 sample t test.

Results and conclusion: Prevalence rate of depression was 45.3%, which was mostly of mild type (34%). Type D personality was present in 70% cases of which 15.3% had only negative affectivity, 23.3% had only social inhibition and 31% had both the components. Both depression & Type D personality were present in 36% cases. Negative affectivity component was significantly associated with depression which could be therapeutically controlled.

Keywords: Depression; medical students; type D personality.