Manual khalifa therapy in patients with completely ruptured anterior cruciate ligament in the knee: first preliminary results from thermal imaging

N Am J Med Sci. 2013 Aug;5(8):473-9. doi: 10.4103/1947-2714.117307.


Background: This preliminary publication describes acute temperature effects after manual Khalifa therapy.

Aims: The goal of this study was to describe temperature distribution and the effects on surface temperature of the knees and feet in patients with completely ruptured anterior cruciate ligament before and immediately after the manual therapy.

Materials and methods: Ten male patients were investigated with thermal imaging. An infrared camera operating at a wavelength range of 7.5-13 μm was used. Temperature was analyzed at three locations on both knees and in addition on both feet.

Results: The study revealed that baseline temperature of the injured knee differed from that of the untreated control knee. After the therapy on the injured knee, the surface temperature was significantly increased on both knees (injured and control). There were no significant changes in the temperature of the feet.

Conclusions: Further studies using continuous thermal image recording may help to explain the details concerning the temperature distribution.

Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament; Khalifa therapy; Knee; Temperature; Thermal imaging.