Mosquitocidal properties of Solanum trilobatum L. (Solanaceae) leaf extracts against three important human vector mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)

Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2013 Nov;6(11):854-8. doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(13)60152-2.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the larvicidal and pupicidal activites of Solanum trilobatum (S. trilobatum) leaf extracts against Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti), Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) and Anopheles stephensi (An. stephensi).

Methods: The larvicidal and pupucidal was determined at five different concentrations of 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 ppm. Percentage of larval mortality was assessed after 48 h.

Results: Methanol extracts of S. trilobatum was found to be more susceptible against the larvae of Ae. aegypti, Cx. quinquefasciatus and An. stephensi at 250 ppm with a LC50 value of 125.43, 127.77 and 116.64 ppm respectively. Leaf methanol extracts of S. trilobatum also exhibited pupicidal and adult emergence properties.

Conclusions: These results suggested that the leaf extracts of S. trilobatum showed potential to be used as an ideal ecofriendly approach for the control of the Ae. Aegypti, Cx. quinquefasciatus and An. stephensi.

Keywords: Aedes aegypti; Anopheles stephensi; Culex quinquefasciatus; Larvicidal; Solanum trilobatum leaf extracts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles*
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Culex*
  • Disease Reservoirs
  • Drug Resistance
  • Female
  • Ghana / epidemiology
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Insect Repellents / pharmacology*
  • Insecticide-Treated Bednets / statistics & numerical data*
  • Insecticides / pharmacology*
  • Larva
  • Malaria / epidemiology
  • Malaria / prevention & control*
  • Male
  • Ovum
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Preparations / pharmacology*
  • Solanaceae / chemistry*
  • Urban Population

Substances

  • Insect Repellents
  • Insecticides
  • Plant Extracts
  • Plant Preparations