DSM-5 sleep-wake disorders classification: overview for use in clinical practice

Am J Psychiatry. 2013 Oct;170(10):1099-101. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.13010058.


Mental health clinicians should appreciate that sleep is a fundamental human behavior and that inadequate sleep has adverse medical, psychiatric, and psychosocial consequences. Sleep disturbances interact with common mental disorders; the two are mutually exacerbating, and both must be appropriately addressed to ensure optimal outcomes for our patients. Sleep is by the brain, of the brain, and for the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Comorbidity
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders*
  • Early Medical Intervention
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / classification
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / therapy
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm / classification*
  • Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm / diagnosis*
  • Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm / therapy