Spinal cystic echinococcosis--a systematic analysis and review of the literature: part 1. Epidemiology and anatomy

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 Sep 19;7(9):e2450. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002450. eCollection 2013.


Bone involvement in human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is rare, but affects the spine in approximately 50% of cases. Despite significant advances in diagnostic imaging techniques as well as surgical and medical treatment of spinal CE, our basic understanding of the parasite's predilection for the spine remains incomplete. To fill this gap, we systematically reviewed the published literature of the last five decades to summarize and analyze the currently existing data on epidemiological and anatomical aspects of spinal CE.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Echinococcosis / epidemiology*
  • Echinococcosis / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Spinal Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Spinal Diseases / parasitology
  • Spinal Diseases / pathology*
  • Young Adult

Grants and funding

The authors received no specific funding for this study.