Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) interacts with and mediates protein trafficking and various cellular functions. Derlin-1 is a candidate for the retrotranslocation channel of endoplasmic reticulum proteins. However, little is known about how Derlin-1 mediates glycosylated protein degradation. Here, we identified Cav-1 as a key player in Derlin-1- and p97-mediated cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) ubiquitination and degradation. Derlin-1 augmented the interaction of Cav-1 and COX-2 and mediated the degradation of COX-2 in a COX-2 C terminus-dependent manner. Suppression of Cav-1 decreased the ubiquitination of COX-2, and mutation of Asn-594 to Ala to disrupt N-glycosylation at the C terminus of COX-2 reduced the interaction of COX-2 with Cav-1 but not Derlin-1. Moreover, suppression of p97 increased the ubiquitination of COX-2 and up-regulated COX-2 but not COX-1. Cav-1 enhanced the interaction of p97 with Ufd1 and Derlin-1 and collaborated with p97 to interact with COX-2. Cav-1 may be a cofactor in the interaction of Derlin-1 and N-glycosylated COX-2 and may facilitate Derlin-1- and p97 complex-mediated COX-2 ubiquitination, retrotranslocation, and degradation.
Keywords: Caveolin; Caveolin-1; Cyclooxygenase (COX) Pathway; Cyclooxygenase-2; Derlin-1; ER-associated Degradation; Protein Degradation; Ubiquitination; p97.