Patients with advanced Parkinson's disease with and without freezing of gait: a comparative analysis of vascular lesions using brain MRI

Neurologia. 2014 May;29(4):218-23. doi: 10.1016/j.nrl.2013.02.014. Epub 2013 Oct 1.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction: Freezing of gait (FOG) is one of the most disabling and enigmatic symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Vascular lesions, observed in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, may produce or exacerbate this symptom.

Patients and methods: The study includes 22 patients with Parkinson's disease subjects, 12 with freezing of gait and 10 without. All patients underwent an MRI scan and any vascular lesions were analysed using the modified Fazekas scale.

Results: Patients with FOG scored higher on the modified Fazekas scale than the rest of the group. Although the two groups contained the same percentage of patients with vascular lesions (50% in both groups), lesion load was higher in the group of patients with FOG. Vascular lesions in the periventricular area and deep white matter seem to be the most involved in the development of FOG.

Discussion: Vascular lesions may contribute to the onset or worsening of FOG in patients with PD. This study suggests that cerebral vascular disease should be considered in patients with FOG.

Keywords: Congelación de la marcha; Enfermedad de Parkinson; Escala de Fazekas; Fazekas scale; Freezing of gait; Lesiones vasculares cerebrales; Parkinson's disease; Vascular lesions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / pathology*
  • Female
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / etiology
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease / complications
  • Parkinson Disease / pathology*