Screening for primary hypertension in children and adolescents: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement

Ann Intern Med. 2013 Nov 5;159(9):613-9. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-159-9-201311050-00725.


Description: Update of the 2003 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for high blood pressure in children and adolescents.

Methods: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on screening and diagnostic accuracy of screening tests for blood pressure in children and adolescents, the effectiveness and harms of treatment of screen-detected primary childhood hypertension, and the association of hypertension with markers of cardiovascular disease in childhood and adulthood.

Population: This recommendation applies to children and adolescents who do not have symptoms of hypertension.

Recommendation: The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or adulthood.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Asymptomatic Diseases
  • Biomedical Research
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Child
  • Cost of Illness
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Life Style
  • Mass Screening*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States / epidemiology