The T-box transcription factor, TBX3, is sufficient to promote melanoma formation and invasion

Mol Cancer. 2013 Oct 7;12(1):117. doi: 10.1186/1476-4598-12-117.


The T-box transcription factor, TBX3, is overexpressed in several cancers and has been proposed as a chemotherapeutic target. Several lines of evidence suggest that TBX3 may be a key contributor to malignant melanoma, a highly aggressive and intractable disease. Using in vitro and in vivo assays we demonstrate here for the first time that overexpressing TBX3 in non-tumourigenic early stage melanoma cells is sufficient to promote tumour formation and invasion. Furthermore, we show that TBX3 may play an important role as a reciprocal switch between substrate dependent cell proliferation and tumour invasion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carcinogenesis / metabolism
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Humans
  • Melanoma / metabolism*
  • Melanoma / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • T-Box Domain Proteins / physiology*


  • T-Box Domain Proteins
  • TBX3 protein, human