Objectives: This study evaluated the safety and efficiency of the NeoChord DS1000 system (NeoChord, Inc, Minneapolis, Minn), a device designed to deliver artificial chordae tendineae (neochords) in a beating heart with minimally invasive techniques through left anterolateral minithoracotomy.
Methods: Thirteen patients with severe mitral regurgitation and isolated posterior mitral valve leaflet prolapsed underwent operation with the NeoChord DS1000 system. Mitral valve dimensions were anteroposterior 34 mm (29-45 mm) and mediolateral 40 mm (29-58 mm). All patients had an ejection fraction greater than 55%. With a beating heart, through a left anterolateral thoracotomy, under transesophageal echocardiographic guidance, the NeoChord DS1000 was introduced into the left ventricle 2 to 4 cm posterolateral from the apex. The prolapsed leaflet was grasped with the device, and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene suture deployed and attached to the posterior leaflet. Six patients received 2 sutures, 4 received 3 sutures, and 2 received 4 sutures. All patients reached 6 months' follow-up and underwent transthoracic echocardiography to evaluate mitral regurgitation.
Results: Median operative duration was 113 minutes (80-150 minutes). Less than second-degree mitral regurgitation in 6 months was achieved in 11 patients (85%). One patient (8%) had recurrent mitral regurgitation in 1 month, and another had conversion to conventional mitral valve repair because of leaflet damage with the device. There were no further serious procedure-related complications.
Conclusions: Beating-heart transapical neochord implantation was feasible, could be performed safely, and resulted in a relatively short procedure time. Larger studies and longer follow-up are needed to validate these promising results.
Keywords: 28; 35.4.1; LV; MR; TACT; TEE; Transapical Artificial Chordae Tendineae [trial]; left ventricle; mitral regurgitation; transesophageal echocardiography.
Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.