Management of Brown-Sequard syndrome in cervical disc diseases

Turk Neurosurg. 2013;23(4):470-5. doi: 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.7433-12.0.


Aim: To raise the awareness of the appropriate management of unusual clinical presentation of cervical disc herniation.

Material and methods: Seven patients with Brown-Sequard syndrome due to cervical disc herniation presented with Brown-Sequard syndrome had been treated surgically as one of them treated with anterior cervical discectomy and three patients treated by anterior cervical discectomy and fusion while three of them have been treated by posterior laminectomy.

Results: Patients were 7 three of them were female and four were males and the mean age of our patients is 45.28 ± 16.49 years ranged between 32 and 72 years. History of spinodegenerative disease in the form of chronic neck pain with or without brachialgia was found in 6/7 patients (85.7%) while history of trauma was found in 5/7 patients (71.4%). Most common affected level is C5-C6 disc Outcome after surgical treatment revealed complete recovery in 4/7 patients (57.1%) while incomplete recovery in 2 patients (28.6%) and no improvement in one patient (14.3%).

Conclusion: Brown-Sequard syndrome is a rare presentation of cervical disc herniation but accurate diagnosis, and early anterior spinal cord decompression lead to complete recovery of these cases.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome / etiology*
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome / therapy*
  • Cervical Vertebrae*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Diskectomy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration / complications*
  • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration / therapy*
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement / complications*
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement / therapy*
  • Laminectomy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Weakness / etiology
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Treatment Outcome

Supplementary concepts

  • Intervertebral disc disease