Allograft pathology, antibody-tissue interaction as demonstrated by C4d deposition and serological evidence of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are the cardinal diagnostic features of antibody-mediated lesions (AML) in kidney transplantation. However, discrepancy between histological and serological findings is common, and more reliable diagnostic tools are called for. Here, we asked whether the in situ detection of DSA could serve as marker for AML. To that end, we applied the anti-HLA single antigen flow bead assay to eluates from 51 needle core graft biopsies performed for cause. Intragraft antibody profiles were correlated to serum DSA (sDSA), histological data and transplant outcome. The prevalence and the mean number of intragraft DSA (gDSA) were lower than that of sDSA (15/51 gDSA+ vs. 37/51 sDSA+ patients; 1.64 gDSA vs. 2.24 sDSA per patient). DSA were detected in all anti-HLA antibody-positive biopsies (15/15). The presence of gDSA was significantly associated with (1) microcirculation lesions taken individually (g, cg) and analyzed in functional clusters (ptc + g + cg > 0, cg + mm > 0), (2) C4d positivity and (3) a worse short-term transplant outcome (p = 0.05). These associations were not found for patients presenting only sDSA. Taken together, these results indicate that gDSA is a severity marker of antibody-mediated pathogenic process.
Keywords: Anti-HLA antibodies; antibody-mediated lesions; donor-specific antibodies; graft elution; kidney transplantation.
© Copyright 2013 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.